Economic and Social Council

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Measures to combat unemployment during post-COVID economy

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The strike of the COVID-19 pandemic did not only devastate the medical wellbeing of the world, but its social and economic wellbeing as well. Since the worldwide spread of the virus in the beginning of 2020, lockdowns have been put in place, millions have lost their jobs, the financial situations of many have deteriorated. The scope of the pandemic’s impact ranges from individuals to enterprises, from nations to the globe. To stabilize the world economy and to restore the quality of workers’ employment, long-term comprehensive measures that tackle this issue on regional, national, and global scales must be implemented.

Rethinking the global food economy towards sustainable food production and distribution

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It is predicted that by 2050 the world’s population will be increased by 34%, reaching 9.1 billion people. With rates going this fast, food production will be in need to be increased by 70%, in order to feed the majority of the population. Acknowledging the fact that there is access to more diverse diets, people are in need to keep their variety of choices when it comes to food. This results in having more food produced using less land, which creates limiting factors such as water and energy. With a more personal direction, world data has shown that poor diet is a leading cause of illnesses and health damage. Government spending on agriculture, for instance subsidies for fertilizers (plant food), payments directed to farmers and plant breeding programs, also including policies to entice personal sector investments, tends to favor crops/vegetation such as maize, palm oil, rice and soybeans, which are major players in the unhealthy food sector. Therefore lower income people are more likely yo buy the cheaper, unhealthy food, leaving the need to combat this issue at an even faster speed.

The question of genetically modified food

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Genetically modified food has been on the rise since the invention of genetic engineering technology in the 1970s. According to the U.S food and drug administration up to 92% of corn grown in the united states was genetically modified, soybeans 94%, and canola 95%. The majority of crops grown in the world today are GMOs, and the majority of foods that we eat are also from GMOs. From fruits to crops, GMOs have rapidly invaded into the consumer markets provided by its strong advantages of lower costs, higher yield, and more resilience against harsher conditions.However, GM crops does not come without its worries. Though major science studies have confirmed that GM products have no significant higher health risks than non-GM products, the use of GMOs in society is still being questioned for health concerns.