|Measures to counter proliferation of illicit arms|
The topic of debate in this year’s BRITMUN Disarmament is the measures to counter proliferation of illicit arms. For decades, illicit weapon trade has proven to be a danger to peace and stability in many nations, threatening the everyday lives of citizens. In recent years, although surveillance and a generally collective peaceful era in most nations has mitigated this issue somewhat, it continues to exist as a holistic and feasible is yet to be found for the entire international community.
|Revising ways to regulate the private military companies|
Private military companies (PMC) are profitable private firms that provide combat force or security operations. Members and staff of military companies are often referred to by the company as security contractors. This general type of business is often referred to as the private military industry or “The Circuit”. PMCs usually carry out security mission such as escorting a client or serve as armed body guards for an important figure especially in adverse areas. However, there are still deployments of PMC contractors in combat zones who according to the Geneva Convention should be seen as “unlawful combatants”. However, controversy and debate still exist on whether the deployment and use of PMC in a war zone should be treated as mercenaries.The United Nation released an investigation report in October 2007 stating that PMC contractors can still perform military duties(offensive operations, fighting a war, etc.) even if they are hired to be sentinel. According to the 1989 UN Mercenary convention, such actions should be treated as the use of mercenary which is strictly prohibited by this convention. However, large numbers of countries (UK and US included) did not sign the 1989 convention, causing the lack of a globally accepted legal criterion that can be used for the PMCs.
|Measures to address complete denuclearization in the Korean peninsula|
Since 1945, Democratic People’s Republic of Korea (DPRK) and Republic of Korea (ROK) was a divided country. 2003, DPRK had withdrew from the Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT) – a treaty to prevent the spread of nuclear weapons and technology – due to the reason that they are threatened by external forces. After the withdrawal, DPRK had been continuously conducting experiments to develop nuclear weapons. DPRK had threatened different countries who are against them with the nuclear weapons.