DURING MERGING SESSIONS:
Merging: the act of combining resolutions from many delegates sharing the same view, in order to create one strong resolution.
Signatories: delegates who wish to see the resolution being debated. By being a signatory doesn’t mean that the delegate 100% agrees with all the ideas presented in the resolution. It just indicates that the delegate recognizes some merit of debating on the resolution as a whole.
Sponsors: delegates who actively contributed towards the drafting of the resolution. Sponsors support the resolution and want to see it get passed.
Perambulatory Clause: The first part of a resolution that names and describe previous actions taken, recognize facts, and identify the importance of the topic that is debated on.
Operative Clause: the second part of a resolution, which describes the actions that will be taken by the committee and nations. Operative clauses can include sub clause and sub-sub clause in order to make it more specific.
Main Submitter: the delegate that has made the most contribution and is most confident towards the resolution. The main submitter will have the first speaking time to address the whole committee and present his or her ideas.
Co-submitter: the delegate that has also made many contributions and understands their resolution thoroughly. Usually, after making his or her speech, the main submitter will yield the floor to their co-submitter.
IN COMMITTEE SESSION:
Secretariat: the executive team of a MUN conference
Agenda: The order in which the issues will be discussed.
Abstain: During voting procedures, delegates may abstain rather than vote yes or no. This means that the delegate neither support nor oppose the resolution/amendment.
Amendment: A change to the resolution that will be voted on. It must be submitted to the Chairs and it could either strike/change/add a clause.
Caucus: A break in formal debate in which countries can more easily discuss a topic.
Moderated Caucus: A caucus in which delegates remain seated, and the Chairs calls on them one at a time to speak for a short period, enabling an exchange of positions from countries.
POI (Point of Information): Questions asked to a delegate after his/her speech has finished. Must be in a form of a question, not a statement, and must be concise.
Request for a follow up: A request directed to the chairs for a chance to ask another question to the delegate. Follow ups must be related to your initial point of information and in BRITMUN maximum 2 follow ups will be allowed. Whether a follow up is granted or denied will be upon the Chairs’ discretion.
Motion: A request made by a delegate that the committee as a whole should do something.
· Motion to move to the previous question: request to move on to the next parliamentary procedure.
· Motion to move straight into voting procedure
· Motion to extend debating time
· Motion to extend POIs: This motion will not take any seconds or objections as it is entirely up to the chairs’ discretion.
· Motion to entertain an unmoderated caucus: when not many contributions are being made during the debate, students can request for an unmoderated caucus to consult with other delegate
· Motion to divide the house: a request raised if the number of delegates abstaining can change the result of the voting. If this motion is granted by the chairs, all delegates need to vote either for or against the resolution, there will be no abstaining.
Second: Word used to express agreement when a motion is raised
Objection: Word used to express disagreement when a motion is raised
Point: A request raised by a delegate for information or for an action relating to that delegate.
· Point of personal privilege: used when a delegate experiences personal discomfort that hinders their ability to participate in committee. Examples: temperature of room, distractions during committee, can’t hear another delegate, can’t see the board etc.
· Point of inquiry: used when a delegate has a question about something that is not clearly understood in a committee.
· Point of parliamentary procedures: used when a delegate believes that there was a mistake made regarding the rules of procedure. Don’t be afraid of correcting your chairs!
Yield: To give the speaking time to another delegate or back to the chair
Veto (only applies to the Security Council: right given only to the P5 Nations (USA, Russian Federation, People’s Republic of China, France, and the United Kingdom) to strike an entire clause or resolution. Delegates of the P5 Nations can veto at the start of voting procedures or when voting has been concluded. However, delegates need to have a clear and appropriate reason for exercising their veto rights.